Nephrite and jadeite are the two minerals recognized as gemstone jade.
Our dyed jade or Candy jade is created from A-grade white Jadeite or Chalcedony quartz. The heating and dyeing process stands in for its vibrant colors which go all the way to the center of the bead. Jade is said to bring us joy, vivacity & happiness.
Mashan jade or Mountain jade on the other hand is white dolomite that is often dyed to enhance its beauty. It is said to restore the balance between body & mind and to relieve stress.
Malaysian jade is an often dyed translucent chalcedony and a lot harder than Mashan jade.
Bowenite is a compact variety of antigorite and hence a serpentine. It is softer than jade, but has a similar greasy silky luster and translucency. It ranges in color from dark green to light olive green, and in shades approaching yellow. The trade names for this serpentine are 'new jade', 'olive jade' and 'soochow jade'. Lemon jade is the light yellow-green version. Carl Fabergé liked to use bowenite in his jewelry.